Andrew Targowski was engaged in the development of social computing in
totalitarian Poland (INFOSTRADA and Social Security # for 38 million citizens-PESEL,
1972) and received political asylum in the U.S. during the crackdown on
solidarity in 1981. He has been a professor of business information systems
at Western Michigan University since 1980. He published 21 books on information
technology, history, and political science (Red Fascism, 1982) in English
and Polish. During the 1990s, he was a director of the TeleCITY of Kalamazoo
Project, one of the first digital cities in the U.S. He investigates the
role of information-communication in enterprise, economy, and civilization.
He is a president of the International Society for the Comparative Study
of Civilizations and a former chairman of the Advisory Council of the
Information Resources Management Association (1995-2003).